Whitley gives 20 October 1928 to 20 September 1931. While, Imperial Service Ships were used by Japanese royalty for naval transport, "IJN KIRISHIMA: Tabular Record of Movement", Japanese naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kongō-class_battlecruiser&oldid=995040079, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), Sunk by US aircraft, 28 July 1945; broken up from 1946. KONGO is the only IJN battleship sunk by a submarine during the war and the last battleship ever sunk by a submarine.  The battlecruisers were designed to reach a speed of 27.5 knots (50.9 km/h; 31.6 mph) and all of them exceeded that speed on their sea trials. On 14 July, the general public was allowed to tour the ship for a week.. 金剛型戦艦 の1番艦。. , The ships had a length of 214.58 meters (704 ft 0 in) overall and a beam of 28.04 meters (92 ft 0 in).  In his design of the class, Thurston relied on many techniques that would eventually be used by the British on HMS Tiger. [N 2] Japan's withdrawal from the London Naval Treaty led to reconstruction of her forward tower to fit the pagoda mast style of design, improvements to the boilers and turbines, and reconfiguration of the aircraft catapults aft of Turret 3. The ship was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906 and was sold for scrap in 1910. Designation: Japanese built guns (after 1917): 36 cm/45 (14") 41st Year Type (Model 1908) Used on ship classes: Kongo, Ise and Fuso Classe Quite the same Wikipedia. , After the war, Kongō alternated her training cruises with Hiei, making the 1896 cruise to China and Southeast Asia from 11 April to 16 September and the 1898 cruise to Australia from 17 March to 16 September. The twin and triple mounts "lacked sufficient speed in train or elevation; the gun sights were unable to handle fast targets; the gun exhibited excessive vibration; the magazine was too small, and, finally, the gun produced excessive muzzle blast". Kongō (金剛, Kongō?) She capsized and sank at 03:25 with the loss of 212 of her crew.  The design was so successful that the construction of the fourth battlecruiser of the British Lion-class—HMS Tiger—was halted so that design features of the Kongō class could be added. , The design of the Kongō-class battlecruisers came about as a result of the IJN's modernization programs, as well as the perceived need to compete with the British Royal Navy.  The boilers, arranged in eight compartments, were mixed-firing with fuel oil sprayed onto the coal for extra power. The shells could be loaded at any angle and the guns had a firing cycle of 30–40 seconds.  Over the next day, Hiei was attacked by American aircraft many different times.  These upgraded boilers gave the Kongō and her sister ships much greater power, with the ships of the class capable of speeds exceeding 30.5 knots (56.5 km/h; 35.1 mph).  This upgrade improved her engine plant, redesigned the superstructure, lengthened the stern, and enabled her to equip floatplanes.  The ship was reboilered at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in 1889; the new boilers proved to be less powerful during sea trials, with Kongō reaching a maximum speed of 12.46 knots (23.08 km/h; 14.34 mph) from 2,028 ihp (1,512 kW). , Haruna was laid down at Kobe by Kawasaki on 16 March 1912, launched 14 December 1913, and formally commissioned 19 April 1915. In their initial configuration, the Kongō class possessed an upper belt that was 6 inches (152 mm) thick, and a lower belt with a thickness of 8 inches (203 mm). pp. Also, horribly unbalanced, as well as breaks instantly, even with the new Sea Mod.  On 23 August 1914, Japan formally declared war on the German Empire as part of her contribution to the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, and Kongō was deployed near Midway Island to patrol the communications lines of the Pacific Ocean, attached to the Third Battleship Division of the First Fleet. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 , Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. The ships also carried a class of naval cadets. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan ) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part III". Kongō (tiếng Nhật: 金剛, Kim Cương) là chiếc tàu chiến-tuần dương đầu tiên của Hải quân Đế quốc Nhật Bản thuộc kiểu siêu-Dreadnought, là chiếc dẫn đầu của lớp Kongō bao gồm những chiếc Hiei, Kirishima và Haruna.Nó được nâng cấp thành một thiết giáp hạm trong những năm …  Hiei was scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the evening of 13 November by Japanese destroyers. From October 1933 to November 1934, Kongō was the flagship of the Japanese Combined Fleet, before being placed in reserve when the flag was transferred to Yamashiro. Her sister ships, Haruna, Kirishima and Hiei, were all completed in Japan.  When firing at surface targets, the guns had a range of 14,700 metres (16,100 yd); they had a maximum ceiling of 9,440 metres (30,970 ft) at their maximum elevation of +90 degrees. Britain itself was in a great arms race with Germany. Kongō was stricken from the Navy List on 20 July 1909 and sold on 20 May 1910 for scrap.. Improved in 24 Hours. Making stops at Alexandria, Port Said, Aden, Colombo, Singapore and Hong Kong, the sisters arrived at Shinagawa on 10 May where Kongō resumed her training duties. Eight guns were mounted per side, and each had an arc of fire of 130 degrees and a maximum elevation of +15 degrees. Mount Kongō … , Kirishima's keel was laid in Mitsubishi's Nagasaki yard on 17 March 1912. Armed with eight 12-inch (30.5 cm) main guns, Invincible rendered all current—and designed—Japanese capital ships obsolete by comparison. During the …  Both ships were equipped with eight submerged 533-millimetre (21.0 in) torpedo tubes, four on each broadside. The Kongō and Hiei attained 27.54 knots (51.00 km/h; 31.69 mph) and 27.72 knots (51.34 km/h; 31.90 mph) with 78,275 shp (58,370 kW) and 76,127 shp (56,768 kW), respectively. On 5 October the sisters departed Shinagawa for Kobe to pick up the 69 survivors of the wrecked Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul and continued on to Constantinople, Turkey, to return them to their homeland. Kongō was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Sealion in November 1944, while Haruna was sunk at her moorings by an air attack in Kure Naval Base in late July 1945, but later raised and scrapped in 1946.  The deck armour ranged from 1.5 to 2.75 inches (38 to 70 mm). On the return voyage, they made a port visit at Piraeus where they were visited by King George I of Greece and his son, Crown Prince Constantine. Contact us. On 10 July a formal ceremony was held in Yokohama for the receipt of the ship that was attended by the Meiji Emperor and many senior government officials. Live Statistics.  The upper belt remained unchanged, but was closed by 9-inch bulkheads at the bow and stern of the ships.  Abe transferred his flag to Kirishima, and the battleship was taken under tow by the same ship, but one of her rudders froze in the full starboard position. was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. , The primary armament of the Kongō class consisted of eight 14"/45 guns, mounted in four superfiring twin-gun turrets.  In 1933, she was refitted as an Imperial Service Ship and—following further reconstruction in 1934—became the Emperor's ship in late 1935.  The conning tower of the Kongō class was very heavily armoured, with variations of Krupp Cemented Armour up to 14 inches (360 mm) thick. Recent. , Japanese naval ship classes of World War I.  Approximately 1,200 of her crew—including her Captain and the commander of the Third Battleship Division, Vice Admiral Yoshio Suzuki—were lost. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan.  Kongō provided cover for Japanese carriers during attacks on the Dutch East Indies in February and Ceylon in March and April.  After conducting patrols off China and in the East China Sea during World War I, Hiei was placed in reserve in 1920. In 1943, she deployed as part of a larger force on multiple occasions to counter the threat of American carrier strikes, but did not actively participate in a single battle.  The ship played a minor role in the Russo-Japanese War before she was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906. On 14 September 1922, she collided with the destroyer (Fuji), causing minor damage to both ships.  With her engines largely disabled and listing heavily to starboard, Kirishima was abandoned in the early morning of 15 November 1942. 31–43. , By World War II, the guns used Type 91 armor-piercing, capped shells. The vessel was named for Mount Kongō.  During their 1930s reconstructions into fast battleships, the existing boilers were removed and replaced with eleven oil-fired Kampon boilers. Her horizontal armour, boilers, and machinery space were all improved, and she was equipped to carry Type 90 Model 0 floatplanes.  The modifications were completed on 8 January 1937. The engine was designed to produce 2,500 indicated horsepower (1,900 kW) to give the Kongō-class ironclads a speed of 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph).  She was the only one of the four battleships in her class to survive 1944.  The ship was assigned to the Small Standing Fleet in 1885 and the ship made port visits to Port Arthur and Chefoo in China and Jinsen in Korea the following year.  They arrived on 2 January 1891 and the ships' officers were received by Sultan Abdul Hamid II. Kongō (金剛, Kongō) was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. She was laid down in 1911 in Barrow-in-Furness, Britain; sold to Japan; and commissioned in 1913.  She had a forward draft of 18 feet (5.5 m) and drew 19 feet (5.8 m) aft.  She participated in the major Japanese offensives in the southern and southwestern Pacific in early 1942, before sailing as part of the carrier-strike force during the Battle of Midway.  It also called for eight 14-inch guns mounted in four twin gun turrets (two forward and two aft) with a top speed of 27.5 knots (50.9 km/h; 31.6 mph). , Hiei was laid down at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on 4 November 1911, launched 21 November 1912, and commissioned at Sasebo 4 August 1914, attached to the Third Battleship Division of the First Fleet. The ship displaced 2,248 long tons (2,284 t) and had a crew of 22 officers and 212 enlisted men. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Haruna primarily served as a large-scale troop transport for Japanese troops to the Chinese mainland.  Following the destruction of the British Force Z, the Main Body departed for French Indochina, before escorting a fast carrier task force in February during the invasion of the Dutch East Indies. , The Kongō-class corvettes had a wrought-iron armor waterline belt 4.5 inches (114 mm) thick amidships that tapered to 3 inches (76 mm) at the ends of the ship. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part I". Added in 24 Hours. The ship did not participate in the Battle of the Yalu River in September, but was present during the Battle of Weihaiwei in January–February 1895.  After undergoing minor reconstructions in 1924 and 1927, Hiei was demilitarized in 1929 to avoid being scrapped under the terms of the Washington Treaty; she was converted to a training ship in Kure from 1929 to 1932. On 8 December 1941, Haruna provided heavy support for the invasion of Malaya and Singapore. All four participated in the battles of Midway and Guadalcanal. , The Kongō-class ships had two sets of Parsons direct-drive steam turbines, except for Haruna's Brown-Curtis turbines, each of which drove two propeller shafts. Hiei and Kirishima were both lost during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November 1942, while Haruna and Kongō jointly bombarded the American Henderson Field airbase on Guadalcanal. The design of the ships was from Vickers Design 472C (corresponding to the Japanese design designation B-46). She had a displacement of 37,187 tons, length of 728 ft 4 in (222 m), beam of 101 ft 8 in (31m), draft of 31 ft 10 in (9.7m) and a speed of 30 knots (56 kmph). During the brief Japanese occupation of Taiwan in 1874 tensions heightened between China and Japan and the possibility of war caused the Japanese government to realize that it needed to reinforce its navy. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, constructed in the UK by Vickers, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. [N 3] When the reconstruction was completed on 31 January 1940, Hiei was reclassified as a battleship.  The turret armour was strengthened to 10 inches (254 mm), while 4 inches (102 mm) were added to portions of the deck armour.  Also available was a 625-kilogram (1,378 lb) high-explosive shell that had a muzzle velocity of 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). , Kongō was fitted with three 172-millimeter (6.8 in) Krupp rifled breech-loading (RBL) guns and six RBL 152-millimeter (6.0 in) Krupp guns. This model was the standard Japanese light anti-aircraft gun during World War II, but severe design shortcomings rendered it largely ineffective. Her hull was of composite construction with an iron framework planked with wood. pp. , The Kongō class's secondary armament changed significantly over time.  In September 1929, she began her first major reconstruction.  These guns and their turrets underwent multiple modernizations throughout the ships' careers. While Whitley and Combined Fleet agree on a starting date of 1 June 1935, Breyer uses January 1936; all sources agree that it ended in January 1937, but Breyer uses a more general "January 1937", rather than the exact date given by Whitley and Combined Fleet. Following Japan's withdrawal from the treaty, all four underwent a massive second reconstruction in the late 1930s. As with the first, sources disagree as to the exact dates of the second reconstruction.  The ironclad was barque-rigged and had a sail area of 14,036 square feet (1,304 m2). This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 22:11. The light AA armament of the Kongō class changed dramatically from 1933 to 1944. IJN Kongō was the first of the class and participated in both the world wars. This made them the only Japanese battleships at the time fully suited to operations alongside fast aircraft carriers. The ships also mounted four 76 mm/40 anti-aircraft (AA) guns. The ship also carried two short 75-millimeter (3.0 in) guns for use ashore or mounted on the ships' boats. , During the reconstructions that each ship underwent during the interwar period, most of the armour of the Kongō class was heavily upgraded. The Japanese battleship Kongô, a ship with a magical name and an important history, was budgeted in 1910 and ordered from the British shipbuilder Vickers in January 1911.  She once again served escort duty during the disastrous Battle of Midway, before transferring to Truk Lagoon in preparation for operations against American landings on Guadalcanal. In English sources often spelled Kongo. Together with her sister ship Hiei, Kongō sailed from Shinagawa, Tokyo on 13 August 1889 on a training cruise to the Mediterranean with cadets from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, returning on 2 February 1890. Background History Edit. Their maximum rate of fire was 14 rounds a minute, but their sustained rate of fire was around eight rounds per minute. She was the firstbattlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built.Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers … 14 in fast battleship Kongo, lead ship of her class (unlike her three sisters she was built in British yards). Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside of Japan as the latter three were built in Japanese shipyards. IJN Kongo was a Japanese battleship featured in the game.  In 1937, following Japan's withdrawal from the London Treaty, Hiei underwent a massive reconstruction along lines similar to those of her sister ships. All of the 172-millimeter guns were positioned as chase guns, two forward and one aft. This was a significant act in an era of important shipbuilding. The IJN Kongo was first of a class of four-strong 26,230 ton battlecruisers for Japan and the last major Japanese warship to be built out of the country - the other three would be built in Japan.  In either August or November 1941, she was assigned to the Third Battleship Division with her three sister ships, and sailed on 29 November as part of the main body—four fast battleships, three heavy cruisers, eight destroyers—for the Japanese invasion of Malaya and Singapore. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. Her tenure there was brief as she was recalled home on 5 July as tensions rose before the First Sino-Japanese War. Kongō(金剛,Kongō?) The 152-millimeter guns were mounted on the broadside. Lengerer, Hans (March 2007). , Kongō was laid down 17 January 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness, England, launched 18 May 1912, and commissioned 16 August 1913. After the end of the Russo-Japanese War, Kongō's armament was reduced to six ex-Russian 12-pounder guns and six 2.5-pounders. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. After the war, she alternated between being based in Japan and patrolling off Japanese ports. The ships had a stowage capacity of 4,200 long tons (4,300 t) of coal and 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of oil, giving them a range of 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at a speed of 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph). , The final design of the battlecruisers resulted in an improved version of the Lion class, displacing an estimated 27,940 tonnes (27,500 long tons).  Completed in January 1878, Kongō sailed for Japan on 18 February under the command of a British captain and with a British crew because the IJN was not yet ready for such a long voyage. Kongō (金剛, “Indestructible Diamond”), named for the mountain, was the first battleship of her class, serving in both the first and second world wars.At the time of construction in the early 1910s she was a capital ship (the last Japanese Capital ship to be built outside of Japan) and was among the most heavily armed ships in any Navy. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside of Japan as the latter three were built in Japanese shipyards. , On 1 June 1935, Kongō's second reconstruction began. [N 4] Her superstructure was rebuilt, and she received extensive upgrades to armour, propulsion, and waterline bulges. , Kongō was 220 feet (67.1 m) long between perpendiculars and had a beam of 41 feet (12.5 m). Languages. They had a draft of 8.22 meters (27 ft 0 in) and displaced 27,384 metric tons (26,952 long tons) at normal load. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness.  While trying to evade an attack at 14:00, Hiei lost her emergency rudder and began to show a list to stern and starboard. Returning to the main fleet, the battlecruiser operated off China for periods of time in 1925–1926, until she returned to reserve from 1927 to 1931 in preparation for a major reconstruction.  Subsequent developments of Japanese armour technology relied upon a hybrid design of the two variations until drastic changes were made during the design of the Yamato class in 1938. During the modernizations of the 1930s, all of the 76 mm guns were replaced with eight 127 mm (5 in)/40 dual-purpose guns. Each of these shells weighed 673.5 kilograms (1,485 lb) and had a muzzle velocity of 775 meters per second (2,540 ft/s). English Articles. They were designed to produce a total of 65,000 shaft horsepower (48,000 kW), using steam provided by 36 Yarrow or Kampon water-tube boilers, with working pressures ranging from 17.1 to 19.2 atm (1,733 to 1,945 kPa; 251 to 282 psi).  Kongō and her sisters engaged American naval forces in the Battle of Guadalcanal. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship c  On her return voyage she stopped at Honolulu and was present during the Hawaiian Revolution of 1893. 45–54. Due to… English: Kongō was the lead ship of the Kongō-class battlecruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1913 - … , Kongō began another cadet cruise on 24 September 1892 and visited Vancouver and San Francisco.  During reconstruction, the two foremost 152 mm guns were also removed.. It is available at lvl 24. IJN Kongo had an impressive main battery consisting of eight 356mm guns (36cm/45 (14 inch) 41st year type (model 1908) weighing in at 86,000KG per gun (688,000KG in just main batteries alone). Specifics.  After a long period of time in reserve, Haruna underwent her first modernization from 1926 to 1928. Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Screw sloops of the Imperial Japanese Navy, First Sino-Japanese War naval ships of Japan, Horizontal-return connecting-rod steam engine, horizontal return connecting-rod steam engine, http://books.google.com/books?id=zDUBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA430&dq=duke+of+genoa+visit+japan+1879&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XDg1UuOqOoTnqQHXy4H4Ag&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=duke%20of%20genoa%20visit%20japan%201879&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=XHhCAAAAYAAJ, http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0104.htm, List of ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Japanese_ironclad_Kongō?oldid=2781728, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 3,100 nmi (5,700 km; 3,600 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). Following the loss of the latter on the evening of 13 November, Kirishima subsequently engaged American battleships on the night of 14/15 November. 1913年就役、1944年戦没。. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. Whitley says 26 November 1936, Breyer says November 1936, and Combined Fleet gives 1 April 1937. Japanese ironclad Kongō. Kongō was launched on 17 April 1877; the wife of a secretary in the Japanese Legation cut the retaining rope with a hammer and chisel. was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. Hiei and Kirishima acted as escorts during the attack on Pearl Harbor, while Kongō and Haruna supported the invasion of Singapore. Launched May 18, 1912. , In March 1908, the Royal Navy launched HMS Invincible at Newcastle upon Tyne. The process upgraded her propulsion capabilities, enabled her to carry and launch floatplanes, increasing her armour capacity by over 4,000 tons, and was shortly thereafter reclassified as a Battleship.  Following carrier escort duty during the Battles of the Eastern Solomons and Santa-Cruz, Hiei departed as the flagship of Rear Admiral Hiroaki Abe's Combat Division 11 to bombard Henderson Field on the night of 12–13 November 1942. This increased their range to 8,930 nautical miles (16,540 km; 10,280 mi) at 14 knots and allowed the fore funnel to be removed, which greatly decreased smoke interference with the bridge and fire-control systems. After serving as a transport and support-ship during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Kirishima escorted the aircraft carrier strikeforce bound for the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. During the late 1920s, all but Hiei were reconstructed and reclassified as battleships. The high-pressure turbines drove the wing shafts while the low-pressure turbines drove the inner shafts.  During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Kongō sortied as part of Admiral Kurita's Center Force, scoring hits on an American escort carrier and sinking or damaging two destroyers during the Battle off Samar. These guns were fitted on both sides of the fore and aft superstructures in four twin-gun mounts. 3D model Armor model Modules scheme. The 76-millimetre (3 in) high-angle guns were in single mounts. Battleship Kongō.  On 1 November 1924, Kongō docked at Yokosuka for modifications which improved fire control and main-gun elevation, and increased her antiaircraft armament. As an island nation, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was consistently the forefront of Japan's military, characterized by advanced development of naval technology, quality shipbuilding and superb seamanship. 日本語: 戦艦・金剛 。. , The contract for Kongō was awarded to Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co. in Hull, England on 24 September 1875 for the price of £120,750, exclusive of armament.  After a short patrolling duty off Sasebo, Haruna suffered a breech explosion during gunnery drills on 12 September 1920; seven crewmen were killed and the No.  The turrets were lightly armoured compared to later designs, with a maximum plate thickness of 9 inches (229 mm). Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers Shipbuilding Company. 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